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Centre for Law in Action

The Centre for Law in Action is at the forefront of development, drafting and revision of municipal by-laws in South Africa.

The most recent work undertaken by CLA includes the following projects:

NMMU’s CLA submitted bid documents for the Annual Review and Update of certain budget related Policies and By-laws for Hessequa Municipality in Riversdale, Western Cape.  The closing date for the Tender HES-FIN06/1516 was Friday 27th November 2015 and on 18 January 2016 the NMMU was officially appointed to review the following policies and by-laws:


  1. Property rates
  2. Indigents
  3. Credit Control and Debt Collection
  4. Tariffs and Free Basic Services


  1. Property Rates
  2. Credit Control and Debt Collection\Tariffs and Free Basic Services

Attached please find a report dated 18 March 2016 on Revision of Financial Policies and By-laws to Hessequa (additional information).




0n 26 March 2015 CLA submitted a quotation and work-plan to the Municipal Manager of Ehlanzeni DM for the Development of A Strategic Plan and By-Laws

In order to place the Municipal Health Services in Ehlanzeni District on a health footing, it was proposed that the following activities needed to be undertaken:

  1.  Study all the reports and obtain additional information required in order to update strategic plan
  2. Establish the current budget and resource capacity
  3. Draft the following by-laws
  • Municipal Health
  • Air Quality
  • Noise Control
  1. Develop fines schedules for the by0laws and assist EDM staff to get them approved by magistrates
  2. Establish what services are rendered by the EHPs of EDM and those employed by Province in order to determine what tariffs and leavies can be raised
  3. Amend the EDM Tariff by-law and policy to ensure that it provides for health related tariffs and levies
  4. Present the by0laws to council and motive to council that funds allocated to EHS and generated by them should be ring-fended
  5. Drive the process through council and province

The project was completed and attached is a Report with additional information.


  1.  Since 2002 By-laws have been drafted for the following municipalities: taken from Company Profile

Eastern Cape:

  • Matzikamma Municipality
  • Ngqushwa Municipality
  • Nkonkobe Municipality
  • Mbhashe Municipality
  • Mnquma Municipality
  • Amahlathi Municipality
  • Great Kei Municipality
  • Nxuba Municipality
  • Alfred Nzo District Municipality
  • Amathole District Municipality
  • Cacadu District Municipality
  • Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality
  • Matatiele Municipality
  • Baviaans Municipality
  • Blue Crane Route Municipality
  • Camdeboo Municipality
  • Ikwezi Municipality
  • Kouga Municipality
  • Koukamma Municipality
  • Makana Municipality
  • Ndlambe Municipality
  • Sundays River Valley

Western Cape:

  • City of Cape Town
  • Hessequa Municipality
  • Knysna Municipality
  • Bitou Municipality
  • George Municipality
  • Oudtshoorn Municipality
  • Eden District Municipality
  • Breede Valley Municipality
  • Matzikama Municipality
  • Laingsburg Municipality
  • Prince Albert Municipality
  • Cape Winelands District Municipality

Northern Cape:

Frances Baard District Municipality

North West Province:

Dr Kenneth Kaunda District Municipality


  • Ehlanzeni District Municipality
  • Gert Sibande District Municipality
  • Mbombela Municipality
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